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Green Turtle

Chelonia mydas

Carapace is oval with its width being approximately 90% of its length. The green turtle is the largest cheloniid turtle. Its length reaches up to 150 cm and they weight up to 205 kg.. Dorsal side of adults is dark brown or greenish yellow. Green turtles are the only herbivorous marine turtles. They graze the sea grass beds of shallow waters and may occasionally aggregate in suitable feeding areas. However, juveniles and hatchlings are omnivorous probably in order to enhance growth. Generally the mating and nesting habits of green turtles are similar to those of loggerhead. Sexual maturity is reached at 25-30 years or more. Chelonia mydas is observed mainly in tropical waters. It is not as often in subtropical waters and it is rare in temperate waters. The Mediterranean population of Chelonia mydas is relatively very small. Most nests in the Mediterranean (78% of total nesting population) are found in Turkey and Cyprus. The species does not nest in Greece but Lakonikos Bay (southern Peloponnisos) represents. Based on the IUCN Red List of Endangered Species (2020) Chelonia mydas is characterised as Endangered. Main threats include overexploitation of eggs and individuals, and to a lesser extent, incidental mortality relating to fisheries and degradation of marine and nesting habitats

 

Foto; Chr. Karantzolas