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Black Crowned Crane

Balearica pavonina

The black crowned crane, Balearica pavonina, lives in the shallow wetlands, meadows and savannas of sub-Saharan Africa. This species is categorized as Vulnerable (VU), with its populations constantly decreasing. The reduction in their numbers is due to habitat degradation or destruction caused by dam construction, drought, wetland drainage for agricultural expansion, wildfires and overgrazing. They are also threatened by poisoning, hunting and the illegal trade in live and dead specimens. The species is the national bird of Nigeria and is a symbol of peace.

In the museum’s collection there are two mounted specimens, one of which was obtained from South Africa in the year 1901.




Foto: Chr. Karantzolas