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Loggerhead Sea Turtle

Caretta caretta

The loggerhead sea turtle has a global distribution. The coasts of Greece, especially those of Zakynthos and the western Peloponnese, are the most popular nesting areas for this species in the Mediterranean, with more than 3,000 nests made there per year. C. caretta is the second largest hard-shelled turtle in the world. Adults have an average weight of 100 to 150 kg and a shell-length of up to 120 cm. They are omnivorous animals and feed on benthic invertebrates, as well as on pelagic cephalopods. Every three to four years, females lay around four clutches of eggs. The eggs and hatchlings are often eaten by gulls, crabs and other terrestrial carnivores, as well as by domestic animals such as dogs and cats. They are considered an endangered species and are threatened mainly due to being accidentally caught by fishermen, as well as by the loss of their nesting beaches.